History of the Institute
Memorandum of cooperation in 2013
The prime ministers of both Estonia and Finland concluded on 12 December 2013 a Memorandum of Cooperation initiating formal cooperation between the two states in respect of developing and maintaining a software environment enabling secure connectivity, searches and data transfers between various governmental and private databases – the X-Road. This is considered to be the world’s first digitally signed international agreement.
Cooperation agreement by VRK and RIA in 2016
Subsequently, the Population Register Centre of Finland (VRK) and the Information System Authority of Estonia (RIA) concluded a Cooperation Agreement with an intention to formalise the cooperation relating to X-Road and work as a contractual platform for deepening cooperation.
Formation and Cooperation Agreement in 2017
The Parties decided to deepen the cooperation in a more formal yet flexible manner by forming a separate jointly managed special purpose organisation to administer the X-Road development – the Nordic Institute for Interoperability Solutions (NIIS).
The Formation and Cooperation Agreement on this was signed by Minister of Entrepreneurship and Information Technology of Estonia Urve Palo and Finnish Minister of Foreign Trade and Development Kai Mykkänen in Helsinki on 7 March 2017 during the state visit of the President of Estonia, H.E. Ms. Kersti Kaljulaid and her spouse Mr. Georgi-Rene Maksimovski.
The parties to the agreement are the Ministry of Finance of Finland and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications of Estonia. Minister Mykkänen signed the agreement under the authority of Minister of Local Government and Public Reforms of Finland Anu Vehviläinen, the minister responsible for the digitalisation of public services.
Memorandum of Association in June 2017
The Memorandum of Association was signed on 14th June 2017. The institute started its operations in August 2017.