Data Exchange Layer X-Road
X-Road, the data exchange layer for information systems, is a technological and organizational environment enabling a secure Internet-based data exchange between information systems. The X-Road technology is used nationwide in the Estonian X-tee and in the Suomi.fi Data Exchange Layer service.
Public and private sector enterprises and institutions can connect their information system with X-Road. Joining the X-Road enables institutions to save resources, since a cooperative and secure data exchange layer already exists with all the other X-Road members. Data exchange between all the members of the X-Road ecosystem is significantly more efficient.
Indirectly, X-Road also enables citizens and officials to operate via different portals and applications (document management systems, institutional information systems) in a more efficient and flexible manner. For example, it helps checking for relevant information in national databases or securely exchange documents with institutions.
X-Road employs a versatile security solution: authentication, multilevel authorization, a high-level log processing system, encrypted and time-stamped data traffic.
NIIS and X-Road
The following activities, among others, are undertaken by NIIS with regard to the X-Road and other core e-Government infrastructure components as decided by NIIS members:
- management, development, verification, and audit of the source code;
- administration of documentation;
- administration of business and technical requirements;
- conducting development;
- developing and implementing principles of licensing and distribution;
- providing second-line support for members;
- international cooperation.